Women in Parliament

Icelandic women were granted the right to vote and eligibility to stand for election by a constitutional amendment attested by the King on 19 June 1915. They first exercised this right in elections held in 1916, when elections were held 5 August, for members representing the entire country (national members), and in individual constituencies 21 October. The first female representative, Bríet Bjarnhéðinsdóttir, was elected as an alternate national member but never actually took a seat in the Althingi.

The first woman to be elected and actually sit as a member of the Althingi was Ingibjörg H. Bjarnason, who headed a Women's List in elections for national members held 8 July 1922. The woman with the longest parliamentary service is Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, served close to 35 years, she was first elected to Althingi in 1978. Jóhanna María Sigmundsdóttir is the youngest woman ever to be elected to the Althingi, she was elected at age 21 years in 2013 while Sigrún Magnúsdóttir is the oldest, she was elected in 2013 69 years old. Jóhanna Egilsdóttir entered the Althingi as an alternate when she was nearly 76 years of age.

The table below lists the women who were elected in each of the Althingi elections 1916-2013, without regard for the party they represented. No distinction is made between members elected in individual constituencies or on a national basis. In the elections 29 October 2016 30 women were elected in the Althingi, 47,6% of its membership.

1916–1919

None 0%

1919–1923

 Ingibjörg H. Bjarnason (elected 1922) 2,4%

1923–1927

 Ingibjörg H. Bjarnason 2,4%

1927–1931

 Ingibjörg H. Bjarnason (to 1930) 2,4%
Guðrún Lárusdóttir (elected 1930) 2,4%

1931–1933

Guðrún Lárusdóttir 2,4%

1933–1934

Guðrún Lárusdóttir 2,4%

1934–1937

Guðrún Lárusdóttir 2,0%

1937–1942

Guðrún Lárusdóttir 2,0%
Guðrún Lárusdóttir died 1938 0%

1942

None 0%

1942–1946

 None 0%

1946–1949

 Katrín Thoroddsen 1,9%

1949–1953

Kristín L. Sigurðardóttir 3,8%
Rannveig Þorsteinsdóttir

1953–1956

None 0%

1956–1959

Ragnhildur Helgadóttir 1,9%

1959

Ragnhildur Helgadóttir 1,9%

1959–1963

Auður Auðuns 3,3%
Ragnhildur Helgadóttir

1963–1967

 Auður Auðuns 1,7%

1967–1971

Auður Auðuns 1,7%

1971–1974

Auður Auðuns 5,0%
Ragnhildur Helgadóttir
Svava Jakobsdóttir

1974–1978

Ragnhildur Helgadóttir 5,0%
Sigurlaug Bjarnadóttir
Svava Jakobsdóttir

1978–1979

Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir 5,0%
Ragnhildur Helgadóttir
Svava Jakobsdóttir

1979–1983

Guðrún Helgadóttir 5,0%
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
Salome Þorkelsdóttir

1983–1987

Guðrún Agnarsdóttir 15,0%
Guðrún Helgadóttir
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
Kolbrún Jónsdóttir
Kristín Halldórsdóttir
Kristín S. Kvaran
Ragnhildur Helgadóttir
Salome Þorkelsdóttir
Sigríður Dúna Kristmundsdóttir

1987–1991

Aðalheiður Bjarnfreðsdóttir 20,6%
Danfríður Skarphéðinsdóttir
Guðrún Agnarsdóttir (resigned 1990)
Guðrún Helgadóttir
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
Kristín Einarsdóttir
Kristín Halldórsdóttir (resigned 1989)
Margrét Frímannsdóttir
Málmfríður Sigurðardóttir
Ragnhildur Helgadóttir
Salome Þorkelsdóttir
Valgerður Sverrisdóttir
Þórhildur Þorleifsdóttir
Rannveig Guðmundsdóttir (entered 1989) 22,2%
Anna Ólafsdóttir Björnsson (entered 1989)
Guðrún J. Halldórsdóttir (entered 1990)
Sólveig Pétursdóttir (entered 1991) 23,8%

1991–1995

Anna Ólafsdóttir Björnsson 23,8%
Guðrún Helgadóttir
Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir (resigned 1994)
Ingibjörg Pálmadóttir
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
Jóna Valgerður Kristjánsdóttir
Kristín Ástgeirsdóttir
Kristín Einarsdóttir
Lára Margrét Ragnarsdóttir
Margrét Frímannsdóttir
Rannveig Guðmundsdóttir
Salome Þorkelsdóttir
Sigríður A. Þórðardóttir
Sólveig Pétursdóttir
Valgerður Sverrisdóttir
Petrína Baldursdóttir (entered 1993) 25,4%
Guðrún J. Halldórsdóttir (entered 1994)

1995–1999

Arnbjörg Sveinsdóttir 25,4%
Ásta R. Jóhannesdóttir
Bryndís Hlöðversdóttir
Guðný Guðbjörnsdóttir
Ingibjörg Pálmadóttir
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
Kristín Ástgeirsdóttir
Kristín Halldórsdóttir
Lára Margrét Ragnarsdóttir
Margrét Frímannsdóttir
Rannveig Guðmundsdóttir
Sigríður A. Þórðardóttir
Siv Friðleifsdóttir
Sólveig Pétursdóttir
Svanfríður Jónasdóttir
Valgerður Sverrisdóttir
Sigríður Jóhannesdóttir (entered 1996) 27,0%
Ásta B. Þorsteinsdóttir (entered 1998) 28,6%
Ásta B. Þorsteinsdóttir died 1998 27,0%
Katrín Fjeldsted (entered 1999) 28,6%
Guðrún Helgadóttir (entered 1999) 30,2%

1999–2003

Arnbjörg Sveinsdóttir 34,9%
Ásta R. Jóhannesdóttir
Ásta Möller
Bryndís Hlöðversdóttir
Drífa Hjartardóttir
Guðrún Ögmundsdóttir
Ingibjörg Pálmadóttir (resigned 2001)
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
Katrín Fjeldsted
Kolbrún Halldórsdóttir
Lára Margrét Ragnarsdóttir
Margrét Frímannsdóttir
Rannveig Guðmundsdóttir
Sigríður Jóhannesdótttir
Sigríður A. Þórðardóttir
Siv Friðleifsdóttir
Sólveig Pétursdóttir
Svanfríður Jónasdóttir
Valgerður Sverrisdóttir
Þorgerður K. Gunnarsdóttir
Þórunn Sveinbjarnardóttir
Þuríður Backman
Jónína Bjartmarz (entered 1999) 36,5%
After the resignation of Ingibjörg Pálmadóttir 34,9%
Sigríður Ingvarsdóttir (entered 2001) 36,5%

2003–2007

Anna Kristín Gunnarsdóttir 30,2%
Ásta R. Jóhannesdóttir
Bryndís Hlöðversdóttir (resigned 2005)
Dagný Jónsdóttir
Drífa Hjartardóttir
Guðrún Ögmundsdóttir
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
Jónína Bjartmarz
Katrín Júlíusdóttir
Kolbrún Halldórsdóttir
Margrét Frímannsdóttir
Rannveig Guðmundsdóttir
Sigríður A. Þórðardóttir
Siv Friðleifsdóttir
Sólveig Pétursdóttir
Valgerður Sverrisdóttir
Þorgerður K. Gunnarsdóttir
Þórunn Sveinbjarnardóttir
Þuríður Backman
Arnbjörg Sveinsdóttir (entered 2004) 31,7%
Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir (entered 2005)
Ásta Möller (entered 2005) 33,3%
Sigurrós Þorgrímsdóttir (entered 2006) 34,9%
Sæunn Stefánsdóttir (entered 2006) 36.5%

2007–2009

Arnbjörg Sveinsdóttir 31,7%
Álfheiður Ingadóttir
Ásta R. Jóhannesdóttir
Ásta Möller
Björk Guðjónsdóttir
Guðfinna S. Bjarnadóttir
Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
Katrín Jakobsdóttir
Katrín Júlíusdóttir
Kolbrún Halldórsdóttir
Ólöf Nordal
Ragnheiður E. Árnadóttir
Ragnheiður Ríkharðsdóttir
Siv Friðleifsdóttir
Steinunn Valdís Óskarsdóttir
Valgerður Sverrisdóttir
Þorgerður K. Gunnarsdóttir
Þórunn Sveinbjarnardóttir
Þuríður Backman
Herdís Þórðardóttir (entered 2007) 33.3%
Helga Sigrún Harðardóttir (entered 2008) 34,9%
Eygló Harðardóttir (entered 2008) 36.5%

2009–2013

Álfheiður Ingadóttir 42,9%
Ásta Ragnheiður Jóhannesdóttir
Birgitta Jónsdóttir
Eygló Þóra Harðardóttir
Guðfríður Lilja Grétarsdóttir (resigned 2012)
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
Jónína Rós Guðmundsdóttir
Katrín Jakobsdóttir
Katrín Júlíusdóttir
Lilja Rafney Magnúsdóttir
Lilja Mósesdóttir
Margrét Tryggadóttir
Oddný G. Harðardóttir
Ólína Þorvarðardóttir
Ólöf Nordal
Ragnheiður Elín Árnadóttir
Ragnheiður Ríkharðsdóttir
Sigríður Ingibjörg Ingadóttir
Siv Friðleifsdóttir
Steinunn Valdís Óskarsdóttir (resigned 2010)
Svandís Svavarsdóttir
Unnur Brá Konráðsdóttir
Valgerður Bjarnadóttir
Vigdís Hauksdóttir
Þorgerður Katrín Gunnarsdóttir
Þórunn Sveinbjarnardóttir (resigned 2011)
Þuríður Backman
After the resignation of Steinunn Valdís Óskarsdóttir 41,3%
After the resignation of Þórunn Sveinbjarnardóttir 39,7%
After the resignation of Guðfríður Lilja Grétarsdóttir 38%.

2013–2016

Birgitta Jónsdóttir 39,7%
Bjarkey Gunnarsdóttir
Björt Ólafsdóttir
Brynhildur Pétursdóttir
Elín Hirst
Elsa Lára Arnardóttir
Eygló Harðardóttir
Hanna Birna Kristjánsdóttir
Jóhanna María Sigmundsdóttir
Katrín Jakobsdóttir
Katrín Júlíusdóttir
Lilja Rafney Magnúsdóttir
Líneik Anna Sævarsdóttir
Oddný G. Harðardóttir
Ragnheiður Elín Árnadóttir
Ragnheiður Ríkharðsdóttir
Sigríður Ingibjörg Ingadóttir
Sigrún Magnúsdóttir
Silja Dögg Gunnarsdóttir
Svandís Svavarsdóttir
Unnur Brá Konráðsdóttir
Valgerður Bjarnadóttir
Valgerður Gunnarsdóttir
Vigdís Hauksdóttir
Þórunn Egilsdóttir
Steinunn Þóra Árnadóttir (entered 2014) 41,3%
Sigríður Á. Andersen (entered 2015) 42,9%
Ásta Guðrún Helgadóttir (entered 2015) 44,4%.
Ólína Kjerúlf Þorvarðardóttir (entered 2015) 46%.

2016–

Áslaug Arna Sigurbjörnsdóttir 47,6%
Ásta Guðrún Helgadóttir
Birgitta Jónsdóttir
Bjarkey Olsen Gunnarsdóttir
Björt Ólafsdóttir
Bryndís Haraldsdóttir
Elsa Lára Arnardóttir
Eva Pandora Baldursdóttir
Eygló Harðardóttir
Halldóra Mogensen
Hanna Katrín Friðriksson
Jóna Sólveig Elínardóttir
Katrín Jakobsdóttir
Lilja Dögg Alfreðsdóttir
Lilja Rafney Magnúsdóttir
Nichole Leigh Mosty
Oddný G. Harðardóttir
Ólöf Nordal
Rósa Björk Brynjólfsdóttir
Sigríður Á. Andersen
Silja Dögg Gunnarsdóttir
Steinunn Þóra Árnadóttir
Svandís Svavarsdóttir
Theodóra S. Þorsteinsdóttir
Unnur Brá Konráðsdóttir
Valgerður Gunnarsdóttir
Þorgerður Katrín Gunnarsdóttir
Þórdís Kolbrún R. Gylfadóttir
Þórhildur Sunna Ævarsdóttir
Þórunn Egilsdóttir.